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Ayurvedic Glossary


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  • Abhaya  The term literally meaning ‘safe’;’not causing any fear’. As well known synonym for the herb Haritaki.
  • Abhyanga  Anointing oil and massage, Anointing the body.
  • Adhimantha  Great irritation of the eyes, severe opthalmia.
  • Adhmana Distension of abdomen due to the accumulation of gases accompanied by colic pain is known as adhmana.
  • Adho bhakta  A dose of medicine to be taken after eating.
  • Agada  1) A medicine 2) Free from disease 3) Healthy
  • Agada tantra  Toxicology.
  • Agantuja Chhardi  Vormitting caused be the unpleasant site or smell, precnancy, disturbances of Ama, disagreeable food, idiosyncrasy, and worms.
  • Agantuka diseases  The Ayurveda classifies diseases under four categories. agantika, doshaja, manasika and svabhavika. Agantika diseases are those resulting from external reasons like attack by weapons,etc
  • Agni  Fire. Sometimes refers to the digestive powers, the Jatharagni.
  • Agnimandya  Dyspepsia. Agnimandya is a condition in which food is not properly digeste due to the diminished power of Jatharagni (digestive juices). Indigestion, diminished appetite, loss of taste, salivation, eructation and heaviness in the abdomen are the main signs and symptoms of this disease.
  • Agnyashaya Pancreas.
  • Ahara rasa Chyme. Semi fluid mass of partly digested food passed from the stomach into the duodenum.
  • Aja  Goat.
  • Aja kshira Goatmilk.
  • Ajajee Cumin seed (synonym for Jiraka).
  • Ajamoda  Caraway. The term literally meaning ‘delightful to goat’.
  • Ajirna  Indigestion, dimished Jatharagni caused by some physical factors like excessive intake of food and water, irregularities in diet and sleep, and mental factors such as envy, fear, anger etc
  • Akshata  Rice, grains.
  • Akshirroga  Eye infection.
  • Alaska  Acute distention of abdomen.
  • Ama The chime formation. Chyme is the semi fluid mass of partly digested food passed from the stomach into the duodenum.
  • Ama dosha Disorders of chime formation. Chyme is the semi fluid mass of partly digested food passed from the stomach into the duodenum.
  • Ama shula  Intense colic pain thaqt increases after taking food, anorexia, salivation, nausea, vomiting, retention of gases, rumbling noises in the abdomen, constipation, pain in the body are the main sign and symptoms of Aamaja shula.
  • Amala Citrus. Pure.
  • Amalaki Emblica officinalis. Usefull in treatment of such diseases as Atisara, Amlapitta, Asmari, Unmanda, Kasa (jirna), Chhardi, Netra Roga, Timira, Prameha, Bala Roga, Rakta Pitta, Trishna, Palitya, Khalitya, Pradara (Rakta), Yonidaha
  • Ama pachana  Measures and drugs that digest ama dosha are called ama pachana.
  • Amashaya Stomach and small intestines where food stuff are digested.
  • Amatisara  Dysentery with muscus discharge.
  • Amavata Rheumatism. Vitiated ama and vayu by involving koshtha, trika and sandhi (joints) cause pain in the joints, loss of appetite, indigestion, stiffness of the body, weakness and heaviness in rhe heart region. This indisposition is known as amavata. Pain  and imflammation of one or more joints particulary of hand, foot, tarsal,knee, thigh and sacrum, scorpion bite like pain in the affected joints, loss of appetitie, indigestion; fever, pain in different part of the body, feeling of heaviness, lack of initiative, disturbance in sleep habit, stiffness in heart region, constipation are the signs and symptoms of amavata. The disease may ultimately lead to disability.
  • Amlika  Tamarind. Usefull in treatment of such diseases such as Kasa, Svarabheda, Bala roga, Chhardi, Masurika.
  • Amtira Synonym of Gurucha; Menispermum Phaseolus.
  • Anagneya  Sudation, Fomentation therapy without the ise of fire by remaining in air tight room.
  • Anaha Acute constipation. Anaha is a disease characterized by the slow accumulation of Ama or Purisha (faecel matter) in the instestines due to vitiation of vata. It is of two types depending on the involvement of ama or purisha.
  • Anamika  Ring finger.
  • Anda  Egg.
  • Anda Kosha  Testicle.
  • Anguli  Finger.
  • Anidra Insomnia.
  • Anjali  Handful.
  • Anjali 128 grams. Approximately ( A unit of measurement).
  • Annadrava shula Gastric Ulcer. This type of abdominal pain occurs due to the ulcer in the stomach.
  • Antra  Intestine
  • Antra Kshaya Intestinal tuberculosis. A disease in which patient extremely mucous stools of liquid consistency with pain and sound, particulary in the daytime. The disease comes in attacks at the interval of a month, fortnight or ten days during which patient passes loose motions. In between the attack patient suffers from constipation.
  • Antravriddhi  Hernia
  • Antrika Jvara  Continuous fever of more than 7 day’s duration is generally taken as antrika jvara. It may continue up to 4 to 5 weeks.
  • Antrika Jvara Typhoid
  • Anupana  A fluid vehicle in medicine; a drink taken with or after medicine.
  • Anuvasana  The substance or drug that causes the body soft, unctuous and strong is called anuvasana
  • Apachana  This is a problem of indigestion.
  • Apachi  Scrofula or chronic tuberculosis
  • Apaka  Unripe
  • Apana Opposed to ‘pana’ that one of the five vital airs which goes downwards and out at the anus.
  • Apasmara  Epilepsy
  • Apatarpana  The measure and drugs that causes the body and body elements starve is called apatarpana.
  • Apathya Unfit, unsuitable, unwholesome as food or drink in particular complaints
  • Arbuda  Non suppurating welling. Tumor.
  • Ardhavabedaka  Hemi crania
  • Ardita Paralysis in which only one half of the face is involved.
  • Arjuna Terminalia Arjuna. Its bark is used in drugs, useful in blood purification and in heart related disorders
  • Arka 1  An Ayurvedic Preparation obtained by process of distillation.
  • Arka 2  A herbal plant, leaves, flower, root’s bark and latex of this is usefull in treatment of different diseases (such as Arsha, Karna, Paka)
  • Arochaka  An indisposition in which the patient does not have desire to eat.
  • Arsha Haemorrhoid, piles.
  • Artava It is loss of blood, mucus, and the discarded cells of endometrium. During ferile years normal woman menstruate between 300 and 500 times. Each menstrual period lasts 3 to 7 days and the amount of vaginal discharge measures 180 to 240 ml. The actual amount of blood loss per day is 15 ml or half an ounce.
  • Asava Fermented water based drugs
  • Ashmari Stones in the bladder. Calculus
  • Ashoka  Saraca Indica. Usefull in menstruationproblems
  • Ashvagandha Withania Somnifera. A rasayana herb
  • Asra  Blood
  • Asthi Bhanga Fracture of the bone
  • Asthi Bone, including teeth and nails
  • Asthi Kshaya Osteomy, elicits, tbc
  • Atisara  Acute diarrhea
  • Atisthula  One having excessive obesity
  • Avagaha Immersing the body in warm liquid; a tub bath
  • Avaleha Confection.
  • Avasada  A feeling of hopelessness.
  • Avasadana  A drug that causes depression in the body and mind
  • Ayurveda  The science of life.


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