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The knowledge of Life
Ayurveda is a science. Is had been develop many centuries ago. It's a well-developed system of medicine and deals with eight major clinical specialties of medicine.
The word Kaya means body. Another meaning of Kaya is Agni (internal fire). Therefore, Kaya Chikitsa means the management of the disorders of internal fire as well as the body. Defining the scope of Kya Chikitsa, Sushruta states that – the branch of Ayurveda which deals with the management of the disease such as Jwara (fever), Raktapitta (Bleeding dyscrasias, Hemophilia, etc.) Shosha (phthisis), Unmada (mania), Apasmara (epilepsy), Kustha (skin disorders) Prameha (urinary disorders), Atisara (diarrhea) etc, occurring in the whole of the body, is Kaya Chikitsa. The specialties of general medicine, pathology, cardiology, neurology, etc are also included in Kaya Chikitsa.
The word Shalya means everything that bothers the psyche and/or soma. While defining Shalya Tanta Sushruta (Su. 1/8) states that Shalya Tantra − surgery − is the branch of Ayurveda which employs Yantra (blunt surgical instruments and tools) Shastra (sharp surgical instruments) Kshara (caustic bio chemical substances), Agni (cauterization) to extract various types of foreign bodies such as grass, wooden splinters, stones, minute particles, metal pieces, lumps, bones, hairs, nails, pus, exudate, abnormal foetus, etc. as well as the study of Vrna (traumatic wounds including inflammation). Shalya Tantra incorporates the specialty of surgery
(Diseases of Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat)
The term Shalakya is derived
from the term Shalaka, which means a lancet or probe, implying that
the branch of Ayurveda employing the usage of lancet and probe for the
management of disease is Shalakya Tantra. In a true sense, though, the
scope of Shalakya Tantra is much more than this. According to Sushruta,
Shalakya Tantra encompasses the management of the clavicle bone. The
specialties of ENT and ophthalmology are included in Shalakya Tantra.
(Children diseases, obstetrics and Gynecology)
The literal meaning of the
word Kaumarabhritya is the Nurturing of Kumara (Child) but in fact
comprises much more. According to Sushruta, Kaumarabhritya is that
branch of Ayurveda which deals with the management of Nurturing of
Kumara, rectifying the problems of the mother’s breast milk – Dhatri,
as well as other diseases of infancy and childhood. Subsequently, the
Kumara Bhritya branch has come to encompass specialties of gynecology
and obstetrics together with pediatrics.
In general the word ‘Gada’
means disease, thereby implying that ‘A-gada’ means without disease,
but in particular the word ‘Agad’ stands for ‘Anti-poison’. Sushruta
defines Agad Tantra as the branch of Ayurveda which deals with the
management of disorders arising out of the bites from snakes, insects,
spiders, rats and other vermin, as well as the effects of various
venoms and poisons. Agada Tantra incorporates the specialty of
The word Bhuta means that
which came into existence, but over the years the word has been used
in connection with ghosts and other supernatural beings. Sushruta also
states that Bbhuta Vidya is - the branch of Ayurveda which advocates
the use of Shanti karma (appeasement rituals), Bali (sacrifice), etc.
to rectify the problems arising out of the harmful influence of
Chakra defines Rasayana as the measures adopted to achieve the best quality of Dhatus (body tissues). Sushruta defines Rasayana Tantra as that branch of Ayurveda which deals with the measures to check the effects of aging as well as to increase life span and memory. In the process, there may also be results in the improvement of diseases. Rasayana Tantra, therefore, is a specialty essentially dealing with the management of the phenomena of aging (Geriatrics)
The literal meaning of the word ‘Vaji’ is stallion, thereby implying that Vajikarana means the process of metamorphosis of an ordinary man into a stallion − especially in terms of his sexual power. According to Sushruta – Vajikarana Tantra is that branch of Ayurveda which deals with the management of the various disorders of Retas (semen). Broadly speaking, Vajikarana Tantra incorporates the specialty of Andrology and Sexology.
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