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Purva Karma






Rakta Moksha

General rules in PK

Pancha Karma at Chakrapani

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Pre-purification Measures


Before the actual operation of purification begins, there is a need to prepare the body in prescribed methods to encourage the body to let go of the toxins. The two procedures are snehan and swedan.

Snehana (Oleation) makes the body soft and disintegrates the toxins.

Swedana (fomentation / sweating) Removes the toxins by meltingí them


Types of  Snehana

Based on  mode of application, snehana may be classified into two types:  Bahya (external) and Abhyantar (internal)


Bahya Snehana  

Bahya snehana means external application of oil (plain or medicated). Itís common way of application is in the form of Abhyanga (massage). For performing this procedure condition of the person along with status of doshas should be considered well.


To whom/ conditions (in which) it is beneficial-

1. Exertion due to excessive physical work.

2. Habitual to take heavy amount of liquor.

3. Excessive sexual activities.

4. Stress & Strain.

5. Suffering from Insomnia.

6. Patients of diseases like- Paralysis, Arthritis, Sciatica, Facial palsy, Backache etc.

7. In persons whom Swedan is to be performed.


It should be avoided in-

1. Febrile illness

2. Diarrhoea.

3. Pregnancy.

4. Major abdominal diseases.

5. Bleeding disorders.

6. Fracture


Sadyah Snehana

 (Instant oleation):

In children, old age persons and in those who canít follow the prescribed rules of oleation may enjoy the goodness of Snehana, just by instant procedure. You may select any one as per the desire-

1.      Rice cooked with milk + Sugar +Ghrita.

2.      Milk+ Ghrita.

3.      Meat soup + Ghrita.

4.      Ghrita + Oil (Sesame) + Yogurt + Piper longum +Salt (according to taste)


Snehana & Swedana in Pancha Karma

Oil massage also makes the superficial and deep tissues soft and supple, thus helping to remove stress and to nourish the nervous system. Snehan is given daily for three to seven days, as indicated. Swedan is sudation or sweating and is given every day immediately following the snehan. An herbal concoction may be added to the steam to further loosen the toxins from the individual. Swedan liquifies the toxins and increases the movement of toxins into the gastro-intestinal tract. After three to seven days of snehan and swedan, the doshas become well "ripened." A particular panchakarma method is then given according to the individual's constitution and disorder, prakruti and vikruti, respectively.



More info:


< Purva Karma >  < Abhyangam>  < Vamana > < Virechana >


< Basti > < Nasya > <Rakta Moksha >  < General Rules in PK >


Panchakarma is a very special Ayurvedic operation requiring proper guidance from a highly trained and skillful Ayurvedic practitioner. This should not be undertaken just from information in this article. One should consult with an Ayurvedic physician, not just someone with a modest amount of training. Panchakarma is done individually for each person with their specific constitution and specific disorder in mind, thus it requires close observation and supervision.


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